Convert Speech to Text and Text to Speech in Python

Today we build Speech to Text and Text to Speech in Python. Speech Recognition is an important feature in several applications used such as home automation, artificial intelligence, etc.

This article aims to provide an introduction on how to make use of the SpeechRecognition and pyttsx3 library of Python.


Python Speech Recognition module

pip install speechrecognition

PyAudio: Use the following command for linux users

sudo apt-get install python3-pyaudio

Windows users can install pyaudio by executing the following command in a terminal

pip install pyaudio

Python pyttsx3 module

pip install pyttsx3

Speech Input Using a Microphone and Translation of Speech to Text

Allow Adjusting for Ambient Noise: Since the surrounding noise varies, we must allow the program a second or two to adjust the energy threshold of recording so it is adjusted according to the external noise level.

Speech to text translation: This is done with the help of Google Speech Recognition. This requires an active internet connection to work. However, there are certain offline Recognition systems such as PocketSphinx, but have a very rigorous installation process that requires several dependencies. Google Speech Recognition is one of the easiest to use.

Translation of Speech to Text:

First, we need to import the library and then initialize it using init() function. This function may take 2 arguments.

init(driverName string, debug bool)
  • drivername: [Name of available driver] sapi5 on Windows | nsss on MacOS
  • debug: to enable or disable debug output

After initialization, we will make the program speak the text using say() function.
This method may also take 2 arguments

say(text unicode, name string)
  • text: Any text you wish to hear.
  • name: To set a name for this speech. (optional)

Finally, to run the speech we use runAndWait() All the say() texts won’t be said unless the interpreter encounters runAndWait().

Below is the implementation.

credit: GeeksForGeeks


import speech_recognition as sr
import pyttsx3

# Initialize the recognizer
r = sr.Recognizer()

# Function to convert text to speech
def SpeakText(command):

    # Initialize the engine
    engine = pyttsx3.init()

# Loop infinitely for user to
# speak

while 1:

    # Exception handling to handle
    # exceptions at the runtime

        # use the microphone as source for input.
        with sr.Microphone() as source2:

            # wait for a second to let the recognizer
            # adjust the energy threshold based on
            # the surrounding noise level

            # listens for the user's input
            audio2 = r.listen(source2)

            # Using ggogle to recognize audio

            MyText = r.recognize_google(audio2)
            MyText = MyText.lower()

            print("Did you say " + MyText)

    except sr.RequestError as e:
        print("Could not request results; {0}".format(e))

    except sr.UnknownValueError:
        print("unknown error occured")

I tried in Linux. Try this code to see the output. Hope you like this. Please share it with your friends.

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