Best Backend Web Development Frameworks in 2021

Choosing the best backend web development framework is a little bit harder for beginners. With the so many availabilities of web frameworks, it’s confusing to choose the best web framework according to your skills.

A backend framework is a collection of different code libraries, tools, and other software that enables the building of server-side logic that powers websites and apps from behind the scenes.

Web frameworks follow their architecture like MVT or MVC, they make work easy and allow developers to do work faster.

Here are the Top 10 Best Backend Web Development Frameworks for you. You can choose according to your skills.

1. Django

django framework, Backend Web Development Frameworks

Written in Python

Django is one of the most popular web frameworks written in python. Django framework follows Model View Template (MVT) pattern. If you already know python programming or your background is python then this is the best web framework.

This back-end framework is optimal, reduced coding, pluggability, greater reusability, and faster development.

Django Rest Framework is also best and easier to make REST API

Personally, I used this framework.

Tutorials:

Official website: https://www.djangoproject.com/

2. Flask

flask web framework, python web framework

Written in Python

Flask is a micro web framework written in python. It is micro in the sense that Flask aims to keep the core simple but extensible.

If you have a grasp of the python programming language then you can easily adapt to working with flask.

Official website: https://flask.palletsprojects.com/

3. Laravel

Laravel framework, best framework for web development

Written in PHP

Laravel is a PHP framework that follows Model View Controller (MVC) architecture. People who love PHP can easily learn Laravel.

It offers a modular packaging system equipped with a dedicated dependency manager. Laravel is rated as one of the best web frameworks.

Official website: https://laravel.com/

4. Express.js

express js web framework

Written in JavaScript

As you know now a day JavaScript is everywhere. Express.js is one of the popular web framework now a day.

It is used for building APIs and web applications and is considered a standard Node.js server framework.

It provides a thin layer of fundamental web app features. And with a myriad of HTTP utility methods and middleware, creating a robust API is quick and easy.

Official website: https://expressjs.com/

5. FastAPI

FastAPI web framework for making api

Written in Python

FastAPI is a modern, fast (high-performance), a web framework for building APIs with Python 3.6+ based on standard Python type hints.

FastAPI gives great flexibility to fulfill businesses’ API needs in today’s evolving world.

The key to executing automated web testing has a framework that takes care of the tedious work by providing out-of-the-box capabilities like mocking web requests and responses. And there is one such framework, Test RESTful APIs (FastAPI), which makes it possible to test rest endpoints without coding.

Official website: https://fastapi.tiangolo.com/

6. Nest.js

NestJS web framework best

Written in JavaScript and TypeScript

Nest.js is an extensible, open-source, progressive framework for building compelling and demanding backend systems.

It is production-ready because it comes with a lot of great features. It can be connected with WebSockets, GraphQL, or used for building microservices.

Nest.js is easily expandable, as it can be used with other libraries. NestJS uses modern technologies, so the applications created with it are maintainable and long-lasting.

Official website: https://nestjs.com/

7. Spring

Spring Framework java web framework

Written in Java

Are you a Java lover, this is the best framework for you. Spring is the most popular framework for enterprise Java.

It leverages the Spring platform and third-party libraries to enable the developers to get started with minimum hassle.

It focuses on the “plumbing” of enterprise applications so that teams can focus on application-level business logic.

Official website: https://spring.io/

8. Ruby on Rails

Ruby On Rails best backend framework for web development

Written in Ruby

You might think it is very old and nobody used this but I say no, it is still popular. Some of the big companies (listed below) used this framework.

Ruby on Rails, also known as Rails, is a server-side framework written in Ruby.

It offers default structures for a database, web pages, and web service. Scalability is one of the main reasons for many users to opt for Ruby on Rails.

Official website: https://rubyonrails.org/

9. Meteor

meteor javascript web framework

Written in JavaScript

Meteor is an open-source framework for building web applications, mobile applications, and desktop applications in JavaScript.

It’s known for the smooth running of data between servers and clients. Meteor can be used with any popular front-end JS framework, including React, Vue, Svelte, Angular, or Blaze.

Developers using Meteor can code for the backend as well as for the front-end with one single language. This framework guarantees seamless real-time communication between a client and a server.

Official website: https://www.meteor.com/

10. Koa

koa javascript backend web framework

Written in JavaScript

Koa is a lightweight and scalable Node.js framework that provides a robust set of features for web and mobile apps.

By leveraging async functions, it allows you to greatly increase error handling. Koa was built by the team behind Express to be a more robust foundation for APIs and web applications.

It is often referred to as the lightweight version of Express. Koa provides an elegant suite of methods that make writing servers fast and enjoyable.

Official website: https://koajs.com/

How to select a web framework?

You might still be confused by seeing the above web frameworks. All frameworks are best. Here are a few factors to keep in mind.

  • It is foremost to understand the purpose behind the use of a framework and whether it’s suitable or not.
  • The best backend frameworks ensure that security is a central part of the framework’s infrastructure.
  • Migrating from one backend framework to another is expensive and risky. Therefore, it’s critical to pick a framework that can grow with your business.
  • Ease of installation. The best frameworks contain a simple setup and run as fast as possible.
  • If you choose a framework with poor documentation, you’ll end up spending more time figuring out the basics than developing features.
  • Learning curve. If you’re familiar with a particular programming language, you may want to use a framework that employs that language.
  • If you’ll go for a backend framework that has a large and supporting community, you can always ask for help.

You can ignore some of the factors too because every framework has their pros and cons.

Best backend frameworks for your web application

The table below summarizes the best backend framework for web development and continue reading to find granular information about each framework.

FrameworkProgramming LanguageFamous Use Cases
DjangoPythonInstagram
Spotify
Coursera
The Washington Times
National Geographic
YouTube
DropBox
FlaskPythonPinterest
LinkedIn
Reddit
LaravelPHPDeltanet Travel
Neighborhood Lender
MyRank
Express.jsJavaScriptUber
Accenture
IBM
PayPal
FastAPIPythonPrimer
Postclick
Netflix, Uber, Microsoft (in some parts)
Nest.jsJavaScript and TypeScriptNetflix
Uber
Starbucks
SpringJavaTrivago
Via Varejo
Intuit
Ruby on RailsRubyAirbnb
Shopify
GitHub
SoundCloud
Crunchbase
Dev.to
MeteorJavaScriptMazda
IKEA
Honeywell
KoaJavaScriptRoche
Adidas
Capgemini

All these web frameworks have good documentation and large communities. Select your framework and use it in your next project.

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